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The type of protective adaptation exhibited by the animal is…

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Use the diagram below to answer questions 48 and 49.

The type of protective adaptation exhibited by the animal is

The type of protective adaptation exhibited by the animal is

  • A. flash coloration
  • B. countershading coloration
  • C. warning coloration
  • D. disruptive coloration




Animals often modify their colouration in order to escape detection by their possible predators.

Now for the right answer to the above question:

  1. Option A is incorrect. When an animal that is initially camouflaged in an environment suddenly flashes bright colors when escaping, we say the animal exhibited flash coloration. Rats do not do this.
  2. Option B is correct. When an animal develops a darker back when compared to its belly, in order to escape detection, we say the animal exhibits countershading. This happens in rats, their belly usually whiter than their back.
  3. C is incorrect; warning coloration occurs when an animal uses color to express its venom or poisonous nature to effectively deter a potential predator.
  4. D is not the correct answer. When the color of an animal matches with an environment such that its bodily figure and outline becomes difficult to detect, we say their coloration is disruptive.
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You may please note that:

  • Most countershading occurs in animals with a whitened belly.

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/ culled from 2015 JAMB-UTME biology past question 48 /

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    The coloration of the backside is to conform with the environment in order to evade easy detection…

    Admin - Apr 22, 2021 | Reply

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