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Which group of plants are specially adapted to grow…

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I. Strong winds

II. high temperature

III. Dry and porous soils.

Which group of plants are specially adapted to grow under environmental conditions stated above?

A. Thallophytic

B. Mesophytes

C. Xerophytes

D. Hydrophytes




A combination of strong winds, dry and porous soils, and high temperature suggest a desert condition. We are required to identify the appropriate term used to describe plants that could survive desert conditions.

Now for the right answer to the above question:

  1. Option A is incorrect; thallophytes are primitive plants without roots, stems, or leaves; they exist as one of the old outdated method of plant classification. It has nothing to do with plant adaptations to dry conditions.
  2. Option B is also incorrect; mesophytes are plants that live in an environment with moderate amount of water. 
  3. C is very correct; xerophytes are plants that could survive harsh and dry conditions.
  4. D is not the answer; hydrophytes are water loving plants. They live in swampy areas.
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You may please note that:

  • ‘Xero’ means dry, phyte means plant, and hydro means water.

Use the questions and answers session to raise further questions and deal more on this topic…

/ culled from 2016 JAMB-UTME biology past question 39 /

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